Unalakleet Native Corporation

Save to a List


Click here to view the full-size version of the menu.

Local Weather Forecast:


This tab contains comments and reviews for Unalakleet Native Corporation. Have you been to Unalakleet Native Corporation? If so, feel free to add your own review or comment below. Follow this link to check out the Community Guidelines.

Leave a Review

Unalakleet, Alaska

Aerial view of Unalakleet, taken 2010
Aerial view of Unalakleet, taken 2010
Location of Unalakleet, Alaska
Location of Unalakleet, Alaska
Coordinates: 63°52′44″N 160°47′23″W / 63.87889°N 160.78972°W / 63.87889; -160.78972Coordinates: 63°52′44″N 160°47′23″W / 63.87889°N 160.78972°W / 63.87889; -160.78972
CountryUnited States
Census AreaNome
 • MayorLeona Grishkowsky
 • State senatorDonny Olson (D)
 • State rep.Neal Foster (D)
 • Total4.95 sq mi (12.81 km2)
 • Land2.86 sq mi (7.41 km2)
 • Water2.08 sq mi (5.40 km2)
7 ft (2 m)
 • Total765
 • Density267.30/sq mi (103.20/km2)
Time zoneUTC-9 (Alaska (AKST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-8 (AKDT)
ZIP code
Area code907
FIPS code02-80660
GNIS feature ID1411517

Unalakleet (/ˈjnələklt/ YOO-nə-lə-kleet; Inupiaq: Uŋalaqłiq, IPA: [uŋɐlɑχɬeq]; Russian: Уналаклит) is a city in Nome Census Area, Alaska, United States, in the western part of the state. At the 2010 census the population was 688, down from 747 in 2000. Unalakleet is known in the region and around Alaska for its salmon and king crab harvests; the residents rely for much of their diet on caribou, ptarmigan, oogruk (bearded seal), and various salmon species.

Unalakleet is also known for its aesthetic value. It is located next to the Bering Sea and the large, clean Unalakleet River. The landscape also has trees, tundra, and hills behind it.


Unalakleet is an adaptation of the Iñupiaq word "Una-la-thliq",[3] which means "from the southern side".

Unalakleet is located at the Norton Sound end of the Unalakleet-Kaltag Portage, an important winter travel route between Norton Sound and the Yukon River. Unalakleet has long been a major trade center between the Athabascan people, who lived in the interior of Alaska, and the Inupiat, who lived on the coast.

In the 1830s Russian explorers and traders came: The Russian-American Company built a trading post here at Unalakleet. In 1898 the United States arranged for Sami reindeer herders from Lapland to be brought to Unalakleet, to work with the people about herding practices. In 1901, the United States Army Signal Corps built a 605-mile (974 km) telegraph line from St. Michael that passed through Unalakleet.

Geography and climate

Unalakleet is located at 63°52′44″N 160°47′23″W / 63.87889°N 160.78972°W / 63.87889; -160.78972 (63.878907, -160.789680).[4]

Unalakleet is located on the Norton Sound of the Bering Sea at the mouth of the Unalakleet River, 148 miles (238 km) southeast of Nome and 395 miles (636 km) northwest of Anchorage. Unalakleet has a subarctic climate (Koppen: Dfc) with considerable maritime influences. Winters are cold and dry. Average summer temperatures range 47 to 62 °F (8 to 17 °C); winter temperatures range from −40 to 11 °F (−40 to −12 °C). Precipitation averages 14 inches (360 mm) annually, with 41 inches (100 cm) of snow. Despite its coastal location it has minimal seasonal lag, and December is the coldest month.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.1 square miles (13 km2), of which, 2.9 square miles (7.5 km2) of it is land and 2.3 square miles (6.0 km2) of it (44.25%) is water.

Climate data for Unalakleet, Alaska
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 47
Mean maximum °F (°C) 33.5
Average high °F (°C) 9.9
Daily mean °F (°C) 3.1
Average low °F (°C) −3.7
Mean minimum °F (°C) −34.3
Record low °F (°C) −48
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.50
Average snowfall inches (cm) 5.4
Source: http://www.wrcc.dri.edu/cgi-bin/cliMAIN.pl?ak9564


Historical population
Census Pop.
U.S. Decennial Census[5]

Unalakleet first appeared on the 1880 U.S. Census as the unincorporated Inuit village of "Oonalakleet."[6] All 100 of its residents were listed as Inuit.[7] It was listed in the 1890 census as "Unalaklik." Of its 175 residents, 170 were Native, 3 were Creole (mixed Russian & Native), and 2 were White.[8] It was listed again as Unalaklik in 1900 and in 1910 under that name, although the latter census also listed it as spelled Unalakleet. Since 1920, it has been recorded in the censuses as Unalakleet. It was formally incorporated in 1974.

As of the census[9] of 2010, there were 688 people, 225 households, and 172 families residing in the city. The population density was 237.2 people per square mile (91.6/km2). There were 268 housing units at an average density of 92.4 per square mile (36.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 15.0% White, 0.6% Black or African American, 77.3% Native American, 0.1% from other races, and 6.4% from two or more races. 1.0% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. In 2013 there were 882 people.

There were 224 households, out of which 46.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.3% were married couples living together, 21.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.9% were non-families. 18.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.33 and the average family size was 3.82.

The population was spread out, with 37.5% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 8.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 114.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 124.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $42,083, and the median income for a family was $45,625. Males had a median income of $41,964 versus $32,500 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,845. About 12.5% of families and 11.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.3% of those under age 18 and 10.0% of those age 65 or over.

Role in mushing races

Unalakleet is the first checkpoint on the Norton Sound in the famous Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race, some 851 miles (1,370 km) from the start in Anchorage. The first musher to reach this checkpoint each year is awarded the Gold Coast Award, which includes $2,500 in gold nuggets. Unalakleet also plays an important role in the Iron Dog snowmobile race.


The Mission Covenant Church of Sweden established a mission in Unalakleet in 1887. The Evangelical Covenant Church later started a boarding high school in 1954. It served students from all over western Alaska until it closed in 1985 due to changing educational practices following establishment of home rule in the 1970s. Most villages in Alaska established local schools, including high schools.

The district office for the Bering Strait School District has been located in Unalakleet since 1983. Serving fifteen village schools, the Bering Strait School District covers territory of approximately 75,000 square miles (190,000 km2).

Unalakleet's local schools include Unalakleet School, a K-12 school that is internally divided into Unalakleet Elementary, Unalakleet Middle School, and Frank A. Degnan High School. The combined school population of Unalakleet Schools is 195, 180 of whom are full or part Alaska Native.

Unalakleet basketball teams have won 6 State titles (3 by Covenant High and 3 by Frank A. Degnan High). Athletics played at the school include cross-country running, wrestling, mixed-6 volleyball, cross country ski/biathlon, basketball, and Native Youth Olympics.

Unalakleet schools has a Gifted & Talented program. The school's students also participate in Academic Decathlon, Battle of the Books, as well as other academic programs.

Transportation and law

Unalakleet Airport is a central hub for outlying villages, providing air cargo and air taxi services. It is served by daily airline service to Anchorage by Ravn Alaska, along with frequent cargo services by Everts Air Cargo and Northern Air Cargo. Daily flights to Nome and outlying villages are made by Bering Air, Ryan Air, and Ravn Connect (under Ravn Alaska).

Unalakleet has an Alaska State Troopers station. Its local police department works with local VPOs and VPSOs. A court system serves Unalakleet and surrounding villages.


Unalakleet health services are provided by the Anikkan Inuit Iluaqutaat Sub-Regional Clinic, a division of Norton Sound Health Corporation, based in Nome, Alaska. The clinic has permanent staff including medical providers, certified health aides, behavioral health specialists, and a pharmacist. It also hosts specialists in other fields regularly throughout the year.

Restaurants and other food services

Unalakleet boasts several dining options: 1. Peace on Earth. This locally owned and operated restaurant, located in the southern part of town, is well known for its pizzas. It also offers a variety of salads and sandwiches. Peace on Earth frequently hosts music nights with local and visiting artists.

2. Igloo. Located in the heart of the town, this offers a selection of burgers and other sandwiches, and coffee and mocha beverages.

3. Unalakleet Native Store. A convenience store and gas station located in the northern part of town.

4. Alaska Commercial Company. A full grocery store located in the southern part of town. AC also offers a selection of ready-made meals and DVD rentals.

Notable people


  1. ^ 1996 Alaska Municipal Officials Directory. Juneau: Alaska Municipal League/Alaska Department of Community and Regional Affairs. January 1996. p. 153.
  2. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 29, 2021.
  3. ^ Community Information Summaries: "Unalakleet." Archived 2007-04-02 at the Wayback Machine Alaska Community Database Online, Alaska Department of Commerce, Community, and Economic Development. Retrieved on 2007-04-13.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  6. ^ "Geological Survey Professional Paper". 1949.
  7. ^ http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1880a_v1-17.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  8. ^ http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1890a_v8-01.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  9. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  10. ^ 'Last Rites Held For Beltz Today,' Fairbanks Daily News Miner, November 25, 1960, pg. 1
  11. ^ Carson, Johanna and Bill. "Ticasuk Brown 1st Fairbanks school named for Alaska Native". Youth. Daily News-Miner. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  12. ^ Gretchen M. Bataille; Laurie Lisa (12 June 2001). Native American Women: A Biographical Dictionary. Taylor & Francis. pp. 57–58. ISBN 978-0-203-80104-8.

External links

Alaska Native corporation

The Alaska Native Regional Corporations were established in 1971 when the United States Congress passed the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANCSA) which settled land and financial claims made by the Alaska Natives and provided for the establishment of 13 regional corporations to administer those claims.[1][2]

Associations, regional and village corporations

Under ANCSA the state was originally divided into twelve regions, each represented by a "Native association" responsible for the enrollment of past and present residents of the region. Individual Alaska Natives enrolled in these associations, and their village level equivalents, were made shareholder in the Regional and Village Corporations created by the Act. The twelve for-profit regional corporations, and a thirteenth region representing those Alaska Natives who were no longer residents of Alaska in 1971, were awarded the monetary and property compensation created by ANCSA. Village corporations and their shareholders received compensation through the regional corporations. The fact that many ostensibly Alaska Native villages throughout the state were not empowered by the ANCSA to form village corporations later led to a number of lawsuits.

The regional and village corporations are now owned by Alaska Native people through privately owned shares of corporation stock. Alaska Natives alive at ANCSA's enactment on December 17, 1971, who enrolled in a Native association (at the regional and/or village level) received 100 shares of stock in the respective corporation. In 2006, the 109th Congress passed S.449 which amended ANCSA, and allowed for shares to be more easily issued to those who had missed the enrollment, or were born after the enrollment period[3] by reducing the requirement for voting from a majority of shareholders to a majority of attending shareholders at corporation meetings.[4]

During the 1970s, ANCSA regional and village corporations selected land in and around native villages in the state in proportion to their enrolled populations. Village corporations own the surface rights to the lands they selected, but regional corporations own the subsurface rights of both their own selections and of those of the village corporations.

Text of the Act

The Act lays out the specifics of the corporations' status. Here is an excerpt of the relevant portion:[5]

43 U.S.C. § 1606
(a) Division of Alaska into twelve geographic regions; common heritage and common interest of region; area of region commensurate with operations of Native association; boundary disputes, arbitration. For purposes of this chapter, the State of Alaska shall be divided by the Secretary within one year after December 18, 1971, into twelve geographic regions, with each region composed as far as practicable of Natives having a common heritage and sharing common interests. In the absence of good cause shown to the contrary, such regions shall approximate the areas covered by the operations of the following existing Native associations:
(1) Arctic Slope Native Association (Utqiaġvik, Point Hope, Point Lay, Wainwright, Atqasuk, Nuiqsut, Kaktovik, Anaktuvuk Pass);
(2) Bering Straits Association (Seward Peninsula, Unalakleet, Saint Lawrence Island);
(3) Northwest Alaska Native Association (Kotzebue);
(4) Association of Village Council Presidents (southwest coast, all villages in the Bethel area, including all villages on the Lower Yukon River and the Lower Kuskokwim River);
(5) Tanana Chiefs' Conference (Koyukuk, Middle and Upper Yukon Rivers, Upper Kuskokwim, Tanana River);
(6) Cook Inlet Association (Kenai, Tyonek, Eklutna, Iliamna);
(7) Bristol Bay Native Association (Dillingham, Upper Alaska Peninsula);
(8) Aleut League (Aleutian Islands, Pribilof Islands and that part of the Alaska Peninsula which is in the Aleut League);
(9) Chugach Native Association (Cordova, Tatitlek, Port Graham, English Bay, Valdez, and Seward);
(10) Tlingit-Haida Central Council (southeastern Alaska, including Metlakatla);
(11) Kodiak Area Native Association (all villages on and around Kodiak Island); and
(12) Copper River Native Association (Copper Center, Glennallen, Chitina, Mentasta).
(c) Establishment of thirteenth region for nonresident Natives; majority vote; Regional Corporation for thirteenth region. [...]
(d) Incorporation; business for profit; eligibility for benefits; provisions in articles for carrying out chapter. Five incorporators within each region, named by the Native association in the region, shall incorporate under the laws of Alaska a Regional Corporation to conduct business for profit, which shall be eligible for the benefits of this chapter so long as it is organized and functions in accordance with this chapter. The articles of incorporation shall include provisions necessary to carry out the terms of this chapter.
Regional corporations established by the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act.

The thirteen regional corporations created under ANCSA are:

1 ASRC Arctic Slope Native Association Arctic Slope Regional Corporation Utqiaġvik, Point Hope, Point Lay, Wainwright, Atqasuk, Nuiqsut, Kaktovik, Anaktuvuk Pass
2 BSNC Bering Straits Association Bering Straits Native Corporation Seward Peninsula, Unalakleet
3 NANA Northwest Alaska Native Association NANA Regional Corporation Kotzebue
4 AVCP Association of Village Council Presidents Calista Corporation Southwest coast, all villages in the Bethel area, including all villages on the Lower Yukon River and the Lower Kuskokwim River
5 DOYON Tanana Chiefs' Conference Doyon, Limited Koyukuk, Middle and Upper Yukon Rivers, Upper Kuskokwim, Tanana River
6 CIRI Cook Inlet Association Cook Inlet Region, Inc. Kenai, Tyonek, Eklutna, Iliamna
7 BBNC Bristol Bay Native Association Bristol Bay Native Corporation Dillingham, upper Alaska Peninsula
8 TAC Aleut League The Aleut Corporation Aleutian Islands, Pribilof Islands and that part of the Alaska Peninsula which is in the Aleut League
9 CAC Chugach Native Association Chugach Alaska Corporation Cordova, Tatitlek, Port Graham, English Bay, Valdez, and Seward
10 SEAC Tlingit-Haida Central Council Sealaska Corporation Southeastern Alaska, including Metlakatla
11 KANA Kodiak Area Native Association Koniag, Incorporated All villages on and around Kodiak Island
12 AHTNA Copper River Native Association Ahtna, Incorporated Copper Center, Glennallen, Chitina, Mentasta
13 Regional Corporation for thirteenth region The 13th Regional Corporation Non-resident Alaska Native

Alaska Native village corporations

There are over 200 village corporations, corresponding to the list of villages published in the text of ANCSA. Most corporations serve a single village, though some smaller villages have consolidated their corporations over the years.

Village corporation Community Regional corporation Website
Afognak Native Corporation Afognak Koniag, Incorporated http://www.afognak.com
Port Lions
Akhiok-Kaguyak, Inc. Akhiok http://aki-kodiak.com
Akiachak Limited Akiachak Calista Corporation
Akuliuk Inc. Selawik NANA Regional Corporation
Akutan Corporation Akutan Aleut Corporation
Alakanuk Corporation Alakanuk Calista Corporation
Alaska Peninsula Corporation[6] Kokhanok Bristol Bay Native Corporation http://www.alaskapeninsulacorp.com
Port Heiden
South Naknek
Aleknagik Natives Limited Aleknagik Bristol Bay Native Corporation
Alexander Creek Inc. Alexander Creek Cook Inlet Region, Incorporated
Anton Larsen Inc. Anton Larsen Bay Koniag, Incorporated
Arvig Inc. Platinum Calista Corporation
Askinuk Corporation Scammon Bay Calista Corporation
Atkasook Corporation Atqasuk Arctic Slope Regional Corp.
Atmauthluak Limited Atmautluak Calista Corporation
Atxam Corporation Atka Aleut Corporation
Ayakulik Inc. Ayakulik Koniag, Incorporated
Azachorok Inc. Mountain Village Calista Corporation
Baan-o-yeel kon Corporation Rampart Doyon, Limited
Bay View Inc. Ivanof Bay Bristol Bay Native Corporation
Bean Ridge Corporation Manley Hot Springs Doyon, Limited
Beaver Kwit'Chin Corporation Beaver Doyon, Limited
Becharof Corporation Egegik Bristol Bay Native Corporation
Belkofski Corporation Belkofski Aleut Corporation
Bells Flats Native Group Inc. Bells Flats Koniag, Incorporated
Bethel Native Corporation Bethel Calista Corporation http://www.bnc-alaska.com
Brevig Mission Native Corporation Brevig Mission Bering Straits Native Corp.
Buckland Nunachiak Corporation Buckland NANA Regional Corporation
Cape Fox Corporation Saxman Sealaska Corporation http://capefoxcorp.com
Caswell Native Assoc. Inc. Caswell Cook Inlet Region, Incorporated
Chalkyitsik Native Corporation Chalkyitsik Doyon, Limited
Chaluka Corporation Nikolski Aleut Corporation
Chefarnrmute Inc. Chefornak
(Chefornakes Slough)
Calista Corporation
Chenega Corporation Chenega Chugach Alaska Corporation http://www.chenega.com/
Chevak Co Chevak Calista Corporation
Chigik River Limited Chignik Lake Bristol Bay Native Corporation
Chignik Lagoon Native Corporation Chignik
Chickaloon Moose Creek Native Assoc. Chickaloon Cook Inlet Region, Incorporated
Chitina Native Corporation Chitina Ahtna, Incorporated
Choggiung Limited Dillingham Bristol Bay Native Corporation
Chugach Natives Inc. Icy Bay Chugach Alaska Corporation
Chuloonawick Corporation Chuloonawik Calista Corporation
Council Native Corporation Council Bering Straits Native Corp.
Cully Corporation Point Lay Arctic Slope Regional Corp. http://www.cullycorp.com/
Danzhit Hanlaii Corporation Circle Doyon, Limited
Deacons Landing Inc. Deacons Landing Doyon, Limited
Deering Ipnatchiak Corporation Deering NANA Regional Corporation
Deloycheet Inc. Holy Cross Doyon, Limited http://www.deloycheet.com/
Dineega Corporation Ruby
Dinyea Corporation Stevens Village
Doratoi Inc. Flat
Dot Lake Native Corporation Dot Lake
Eklutna Inc. Eklutna Cook Inlet Region, Incorporated http://www.eklutnainc.com
Ekuk Native Limited Ekuk Bristol Bay Native Corporation
Ekwok Natives Limited Ekwok
Elim Native Corporation Elim (Elim Reserve) Bering Straits Native Corp.
Elim Native Corporation St. Lawrence
Emmonak Corporation Emmonak Calista Corporation
English Bay Corporation Nanwalek (English Bay) Chugach Alaska Corporation
Evansville Inc. Evansville Doyon, Limited
The Eyak Corporation Cordova Chugach Alaska Corporation http://www.eyakcorporation.com
Far West Inc. Chignik Bay Bristol Bay Native Corporation
Forty-Mile Inc. Chicken Doyon, Limited
Gakona Corporation Gakona Ahtna, Incorporated
Gana-a'yoo Limited Galena Doyon, Limited http://www.ganaayoo.com/
Ganawas Corporation Knight Island Sealaska Corporation
Gold Creek-Susitna Native Association Gold Creek Calista Corporation
Goldbelt Inc. Juneau (4 cities) Sealaska Corporation http://www.goldbelt.com/
Golovin Native Corporation Golovin Cook Inlet Region, Incorporated
Grouse Creek Corporation Grouse Creek Doyon, Limited
Gwitchyaazhee Corporation Fort Yukon Doyon, Limited
Haida Corporation Hydaburg Sealaska Corporation http://www.haidacorporation.com/
Haycock Native Group Corporation Haycock Calista Corporation
Hee-yea Lingde Corporation Grayling Doyon, Limited
Huna Totem Corporation Hoonah Sealaska Corporation www.hunatotem.com
Hungwitchin Corporation Eagle Doyon, Limited
Igiugig Native Corporation Igiugig Bristol Bay Native Corporation
Iliamna Native Corporation Iliamna
Ingalik Inc. Anvik Doyon, Limited
Iqfijouq Co Eek Calista Corporation
Isanotski Corporation False Pass Aleut Corporation https://web.archive.org/web/20100813124630/http://www.isanotski.alaska.com/
Isingnakmeut Shungnak NANA Regional Corporation
Ivaisaapaagmit Corporation Ambler
Kake Tribal Corporation Kake Sealaska Corporation https://www.kaketribalcorporation.com/
Kaktovik Inupiat Corporation Kaktovik Arctic Slope Regional Corp.
Karluk Native Corporation Karluk Koniag, Incorporated
Kasigluk Inc. Kasigluk Calista Corporation
Katyaak Corporation Kiana NANA Regional Corporation
Kavilco Inc. Kassan Sealaska Corporation http://kavilco.com/
Kenai Native Assoc. Inc. Kenai Cook Inlet Region, Incorporated
Kian Tr'ee Corporation Canyon Village Doyon, Limited
Kikiktagruk Inupiat Corporation Kotzebue NANA Regional Corporation
King Cove Corporation King Cove Aleut Corporation
King Island Native Corporation King Island Bering Straits Native Corp.
Kiutsarak Inc. Goodnews Bay Calista Corporation
Kivalina Sinnigaakmiut Kivalina NANA Regional Corporation
Klawaock Heenya Corporation Klawock Sealaska Corporation
Klukwan, Inc. Klukwan Sealaska Corporation http://www.klukwan.com
Kluti-Kaah Corporation Copper Center Ahtna, Incorporated
Knikatnu Inc. Knik Cook Inlet Region, Incorporated
Kokarmiut Corporation Akiak Calista Corporation
Kokrines Ic. Kokrines Doyon, Limited
Koliganek Natives Limited Koliganek Bristol Bay Native Corporation
Kongnikilnomuit Yuita Corporation Bill Moores Slough Calista Corporation
Kootznoowoo Inc. Angoon Sealaska Corporation http://www.kootznoowoo.com
Koovukmeut Inc. Kobuk NANA Regional Corporation
Kotlik Yupik Corporation Kotlik Calista Corporation
K'oyitl'ots'ina Limited Hughes Doyon, Limited
Koyuk Native Corporation Koyuk Bering Straits Native Corp.
Kugkaktilk Limited Kipnuk Calista Corporation
Kuskokwim Corporation Aniak http://www.kuskokwim.com Archived 2010-08-15 at the Wayback Machine
Crooked Creek
Georgetown Doyon, Limited
Lower Kalskag Calista Corporation
Upper Kalskag
Red Devil
Stony River
Kuukpik Corporation, Inc. Nuiqsut Arctic Slope Regional Corp. http://www.kuukpik.com
Kwethluk Inc. Kwethluk Calista Corporation
Kwik Inc. Kwigillingok
Leisnoi, Inc. Woody Island Koniag, Incorporated
Levelock Natives Limited Levelock Bristol Bay Native Corporation
Lime Village Co Lime Village Calista Corporation
Litnik Inc. Litnik Koniag, Incorporated
Little Lake Louise Inc. Little Lake Louise Ahtna, Incorporated
Lower Tonsina Inc. Lower Tonsina Ahtna, Incorporated
Manokotak Natives Limited Manokotak Bristol Bay Native Corporation
Mary's Igloo Native Corporation Mary's Igloo Bering Straits Native Corp.
Maserculig Inc. Marshall Calista Corporation
Medfra Native Council Inc. Medfra Doyon, Limited
Mendas Cha-ag Native Corporation Healy Lake Doyon, Limited
Mentasta Inc. Mentasta Lake Ahtna, Incorporated
Minchumina Natives Inc. Minchumina Doyon, Limited
Montana Creek Native Assoc. Montana Creek Cook Inlet Region, Incorporated
MTNT Limited McGrath Doyon, Limited
Nagamut Limited Nagamut Calista Corporation
Napakiak Corporation Napakiak
Napaskiak Inc. Napaskiak
Native of Kodiak Inc. Kodiak Koniag, Incorporated
Nebesna Native Group Inc. Nebesna Ahtna, Incorporated
Neechootaalichaagat Corporation Birch Creek Doyon, Limited
Kantishna Doyon, Limited
Nelson Lagoon Corporation Nelson Lagoon Aleut Corporation
Nerklikmute Native Corporation Andereafsky Calista Corporation
Newtok Inc. Newtok
NGTA Inc. Nightmute
Nima Corporation Mekoryuk
Ninilchik Natives Assoc., Inc. Ninilchik Cook Inlet Region, Incorporated
Noatak Napaaktukmeur Corporation Noatak NANA Regional Corporation
Nondalton Native Corporation Nondalton Bristol Bay Native Corporation
Northway Natives Inc. Northway Doyon, Limited
Nu-Nachk Pit Inc. Larsen Bay Koniag, Incorporated
Nunakauiak Yupik Corporation Toksook Bay Calista Corporation
Nunamiut Corporation Anaktuvuk Pass Arctic Slope Regional Corp.
Nunapiglluraq Corporation Hamilton Calista Corporation
Nunapitchuk Limited Nunapitchuk
Oceanside Corporation Perryville Bristol Bay Native Corporation
Ohgsenskale Corporation Portage Creek
Ohog Inc. Ohogamiut Calista Corporation
Old Harbor Native Corporation Old Harbor Koniag, Incorporated https://www.koniag.com/
Olgoonik Corporation, Inc. Wainwright Arctic Slope Regional Corp. http://www.olgoonik.com/
Olsonville Inc. Olsonville Bristol Bay Native Corporation
Oscarville Native Corporation Oscarville Calista Corporation
Ounalashka Corporation Unalaska Aleut Corporation http://www.ounalashka.com/
Ouzinkie Native Corporation Ouzinkie Koniag, Incorporated http://ouzinkienativecorporation.com/
Paimiut Corporation Paimiut Calista Corporation
Paug-Vik Inc. Limited Naknek Bristol Bay Native Corporation
Pedro Bay Corporation Pedro Bay
Pilot Point Native Corporation Pilot Point
Pilot Station Native Corporation Pilot Station Calista Corporation
Pitkas Point Native Corporation Pitkas Point Calista Corporation
Point Possession Inc. Point Possession Cook Inlet Region, Incorporated
Port Graham Corporation Port Graham Chugach Alaska Corporation
Putoo Corporation Noorvik NANA Regional Corporation
Qanirtuuq Inc. Quinhagak Calista Corporation
Qemirtalek Coast Corporation Kongiganek
Saguyak Inc. Clarks Point Bristol Bay Native Corporation
St. George Tanadax Corporation St. George Aleut Corporation
St. Marys Native Corporation St. Marys Calista Corporation
St. Michael native Corporation St. Michaels Bering Straits Native Corp.
Salamatoff Native Assoc. Inc. Salamatoff Cook Inlet Region, Incorporated http://www.salamatof.com/
Sanak Corporation Pauloff Harbor Aleut Corporation
Savonski Corporation Savonski Bristol Bay Native Corporation
Sea Lion Corporation Hooper Bay Calista Corporation
Seldovia Native Assoc. Inc. Seldovia Cook Inlet Region, Incorporated https://snai.com/
Seth-do-ya-ah Corporation Minto Doyon, Limited
Shaan-Seet Inc. Craig Sealaska Corporation https://www.shaanseet.com/
Shaktoolik Native Corporation Shaktoolik Bering Straits Native Corp.
Shee Atiká, Inc. Sitka Sealaska Corporation http://www.sheeatika.com/
Shishmaref Natrive Corporation Shishmaref Bering Straits Native Corp.
Shumagin Corporation Sand Point Aleut Corporation http://www.shumagin.com/
Shuyak Inc. Port William Koniag, Incorporated
Sitnasuak Native Corporation Nome Bering Straits Native Corp. http://www.snc.org/
Slana Native Corporation Slana Ahtna, Incorporated
Solomon Native Corporation Solomon Bering Straits Native Corp.
Sta-Keh Corporation Gulkana Chugach Alaska Corporation
Stebbins Native Corporation Stebbins Bering Straits Native Corp.
Stuyahok Limited New Stuyahok Bristol Bay Native Corporation
Swan Lake Corporation Sheldon Point Calista Corporation
Talzina Inc. Tazlina Ahtna, Incorporated
Tanacross Inc. Tanacross Doyon, Limited
Tanadgusik Corporation St. Paul Aleut Corporation [1]
Tanalian Inc. Port Alsworth Bristol Bay Native Corporation
Tatitlek Corporation Tatitlek Chugach Alaska Corporation [2]
Teller Native Corporation Teller Bering Straits Native Corp.
Tetlin Indian Reservation Tetlin Doyon, Limited
Tikigaq Corporation Point Hope Arctic Slope Regional Corp. [3]
Tihteet'aii Inc. Birch Creek Doyon, Limited
Toghotthele Corporation Nenana
Togiak Natives Limited Togiak Bristol Bay Native Corporation
Tozitna Limited Tananna Doyon, Limited
Tulkisarmute Inc. Tuluksak Calista Corporation
Tuntutuliak Land Limited Tuntutuliak
Tununrmiut Rinit Corporation Tununak
Twin Hills Native Corporation Twin Hills Bristol Bay Native Corporation
Twin Lake Native Group Inc. Twin Lake Ahtna, Incorporated
Tyonek Native Corporation Tyonek Cook Inlet Region, Incorporated
Uganik Natives, Inc. Uganik Koniag, Incorporated
Ukpeaġvik Iñupiat Corporation Utqiaġvik Arctic Slope Regional Corp. http://www.ukpik.com/
Umkumiute Limited Umkumiute Calista Corporation
Unalakleet Native Corporation Unalakleet Bering Straits Native Corp.
Unga Corporation Unga Aleut Corporation
Uyak, Inc. Uyak Koniag, Incorporated
Venetie Indian Reservation Venetie Doyon, Limited
Wales Native Corporation Wales Bering Straits Native Corp.
White Mountain Native Corporation White Mountain
Wisenak Inc. Wisenak Doyon, Limited
Yak-tat Kwaan Inc. Yakutat Sealaska Corporation https://www.yak-tatkwaan.com/
Yedetena Na Corporation Cantwell Ahtna, Incorporated
Zho-Tse, Inc. Shageluk Doyon, Limited


The Afognak Native Corporation was organized in 1977 through the merger of two ANCSA village corporations: Port Lions Native Corporation and Natives of Afognak, Inc. It is governed by a nine-member board of directors.[7] Afognak Native Corporation has many business interests. For 18 years it participated in and profited from timber development ventures on Afogank Island. It also operates a number of successful subsidiaries including Leasing, Bioenergy Operations and Oil Field Services.[7] In the late 1990s, the Afognak Native Corporation launched a government contracting business.[7] The Afognak Native Corporation is a wealthy corporation and was listed in the Top 100 Contractors of the Federal Government in 2010. Coming in at No. 79, The Afognak Native Corporation's contracts were $749,557,576.49.[8] Afognak Native Corporation entities also received NASA Small Business Contractor of the Year Award in 2013. [9] The Corporation's profile is listed as "Construction and Engineering" services.[10] The Afognak Native Corporation has approximately 900 shareholders and pays over $12 million in dividends annually. The Afognak Native Corporation controls over 160,000 acres of land in the Kodiak Archipelago and the lands form the core of financial success of the corporation.[11]

Subsequent legislation and litigation

The federal Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act of 1975 (ISDA) gave self-autonomy to both Native Indian tribal governments and to ANCs.[12]

In the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, the CARES Act had set aside about $8 billion in funds for federally-recognized "tribal governments". The U.S. Treasury Department earmarked about $500 million of those funds for ANCs. While the federal government had generally recognized that ANCs fell under "tribal governments" since the passage of the ISDA, three Native Indian tribes from the lower 48 states sued the Treasury, asserting that the ANCs were not federally-recognized "tribal governments" under a statutory interpretation of the law. This led to the United States Supreme Court case, Yellen v. Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis Reservation, which was decided in June 2021 that under ISDA, the ANCs were federally-recognized "tribal governments" and thus qualified for CARES funds.[13]

Financial Performance

Financial Performance of each ANRC in 2016[14]
# Abbreviation ANCSA Alaska Native Regional Corporation 2016 Annual Revenue Approximate No. of Shareholders
1 ASRC Arctic Slope Native Association Arctic Slope Regional Corporation $2,370,000,000 13,000
2 BSNC Bering Straits Association Bering Straits Native Corporation $326,000,000 7,500
3 NANA Northwest Alaska Native Association NANA Regional Corporation $1,300,000,000
4 AVCP Association of Village Council Presidents Calista Corporation $492,000,000 13,000
5 DOYON Tanana Chiefs' Conference Doyon, Limited $305,410,000 19,000
6 CIRI Cook Inlet Association Cook Inlet Region, Inc. $289,000,000
7 BBNC Bristol Bay Native Association Bristol Bay Native Corporation $1,510,000,000 10,350
8 TAC Aleut League The Aleut Corporation $171,660,000 3,900
9 CAC Chugach Native Association Chugach Alaska Corporation $842,400,000 2,600
10 SEAC Sealaska Corporation Sealaska Corporation $145,510,000 23,000[15]
11 KANA Kodiak Area Native Association Koniag, Incorporated $252,000,000 3,850
12 AHTNA Copper River Native Association Ahtna, Incorporated $218,000,000 1,900
13 Regional Corporation for Thirteenth Region Insolvent

See also



  1. ^ "What Are Alaska Native Corporations?".
  2. ^ "Welcome to the Alaska Peninsula Corporation!".
  3. ^ "S449" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-05-09.
  4. ^ "109-112" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-05-09.
  5. ^ "TITLE 43--PUBLIC LANDS, CHAPTER 33--ALASKA NATIVE CLAIMS SETTLEMENT, Section 1606. Regional Corporations". United States Government Printing Office. Archived from the original on 2008-07-09.
  6. ^ The Alaska Peninsula Corporation is a consolidation of these former village corporations: Meshik Incorporated, Quinuyang Limited, Kokhanok Native Corporation, Ugashik Native Corporation and Newhalen Native Corporation)
  7. ^ a b c "Afognak – About". Afognak. Retrieved 22 March 2016.
  8. ^ Top 100 Contractors of the U.S. federal government
  9. ^ "Afognak Native Corporation partner gets top NASA business award". Archived from the original on 13 March 2016. Retrieved 22 March 2016.
  10. ^ "InsideView Directory". InsideView. Archived from the original on 2013-12-13. Retrieved 22 March 2016.
  11. ^ http://www.nativecontractors.org/media/pdf/Afognak%20Michigan%20State%20Senate%20Testimony%20FINAL%2012-11.pdf[permanent dead link]
  12. ^ Hurley, Lawrence (June 25, 2021). "U.S. Supreme Court sympathetic to Native Alaskans in COVID-19 aid dispute". Reuters. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
  13. ^ Gresko, Jessica (June 25, 2021). "High court sides with Alaska Natives in coronavirus aid case". Associated Press. Retrieved June 25, 2021 – via The Seattle Times.
  14. ^ "Alaska Native Regional Corporation 2017 Review - Alaska Business Monthly - October 2017 - Anchorage, AK". www.akbizmag.com. 17 October 2017. Retrieved 2018-12-20.
  15. ^ "About – Sealaska". Retrieved 2022-02-15.


External links

Alaska Groups Directory

Find groups that match your unique interests

Alaska Groups


This tab shows pictures related to Unalakleet Native Corporation. Do you have photos of Unalakleet Native Corporation? If you add Unalakleet Native Corporation pics on the Reviews tab, your images will show up here in the Photos tab.

Maps and Location:

This tab contains maps and location information for Unalakleet Native Corporation and the surrounding area.



Create a new list of your favorites by first hitting the “Save to a List” button at the top of any listing. 

Share this!

Alaska Shopping

Search for ANY product below for great deals. Shopping below supports this site. Thanks for supporting the Alaska Handbook community!

Nearby Places

Recently Viewed Places

Contact Info



Create a new list of your favorites by first hitting the “Save to a List” button at the top of any listing. 

Newsletter Signup